I hope you’ve had a good time learning about the different facets of avoir. Note that all these verbs describe a kind of movement. What is an Auxiliary Verb? Avoir is the French verb meaning "to have." You’re lucky!). The only problem with this expression is, if you’re afraid of spiders like I am, you always take it literally and think that someone actually has a spider on their ceiling, your reaction might make people say, «Elle a une araignée au plafond ! Auxiliaries are functional verbs that are added to other verbs in order to form particular tenses. You have (sing.) Avoir is one of the two most important French verbs (être is the other one) and has irregular conjugations in just about every tense and mood. This very helpful article includes a good explanation of these rules, as well as a number of examples. When you're just starting out, concentrate on memorizing the verb forms for the three most used tenses: present tense, imperfect or past tense, and future tense. or with a noun or verb infinitive: Ils ont peur du noir (They’re afraid of the dark. (You got 50% off your new sofa ? Another informal, slang expression, this one is also vulgar, as the “balls” in question are the ones between a man’s legs. Special Verbs that Use Être and Avoir Generally, the verbs descendre, monter, passer, rentrer, retourner, and sortir use être as their helping verb. French verb AVOIR conjugated in all forms, with full audio, irregular highlighting, negative forms, and the English translation for all forms. It literally means, “I have haste to” – in other words, you’re hurrying towards something (or want to hurry). (Watch out! Avoir is an irregular French verb that means "to have." Read on to see the conjugation of these two verbs, then master the difference between avoir and être as auxiliary verbs. The potatoes are too hot, let them cool off.). She has taught English and French for more than ten years, most notably as an assistante de langue vivante for L'Education Nationale. ); J’ai toujours peur de rater mon train, même si j’arrive très tôt à la gare. Preview. Don’t get confused : although the verb avoir is conjugated in this phrase, it never changes to agree with what comes after. The Verb Avoir Quiz. In French and in English, the verbs être (to be), avoir (to have), aller (to go), and faire (to do) are probably the most used verbs of our repertoire, which is also why they have become so twisted. It’s also a key element of a number of very important phrases that cover basics like how old you are, what you need, and your state of physical health, not to mention what’s around you. I was so hungry!” “No problem. Here’s a reminder that you don’t use the verb visiter when visiting people. For example, a school might send a letter to parents describing meals they’re serving and say something like: Pour le goûter, chaque enfant a droit à un gateau. We use it in many expressions like: avoir besoin de (to need) avoir envie de (to want) avoir hâte de (can’t wait to) avoir l’habitude (to be used to) avoir mal (to hurt) en avoir marre de (to be fed up with) avoir l’air (to look) avoir confiance en (to trust) French Verb Avoir 15 Terms. The most common of these two similar phrases is avoir le droit – to be allowed to do something. See if you can spot them in things you read in French. This irregular verb is one of the most commonly used in the French language, along with être (to be) and faire (to do or to make). – avoir droit/avoir le droit à/de (to be entitled to/to be allowed to). Or: Je t’ai acheté des gâteaux. jayemgee98. But if you want to imply “saying something to each other, saying something to oneself, saying something to themselves, etc.”, you would make this a reflexive verb and conjugate it with être instead. While there’s a number of regular conjugation patterns that can help you tremendously with this process, the avoir conjugation is irregular and you’ll have to learn it by heart.. What Does Avoir Mean?. Ils ont de la chance ! This is often used as a euphemism, especially in crime shows/books/movies, where “some problems” are actually BIG problems. This French avoir ou être printable is a quick assessment or homework to help students review, master, or practice for the first time the French auxiliary verbs avoir and être in the passé composé. Examples: Il y a une fourmi sur la table. Like your favorite sneakers, the more you use them, the more worn out and deformed they become! For example : « Donne-nous le fric ou tu vas avoir des ennuis. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. AVOIR Expressions J’ai tort. Verbs in the passé composé are formed by putting together a helping verb (être or avoir) conjugated in the present tense + a past participle. Vocabulaire de … Tu veux de l’eau ? Translate a French verb in context, with examples of use and see its definition. Tourner. (I’m fed up!). In informal modern French, there are a lot of "glidings" (elisions). ), – avoir confiance/avoir confiance en (to trust/to have faith in). – avoir les boules (to be exasperated) . (I’m having trouble opening this can – can you help me ?). avoir peur de. Vocabulaire de Révision Pour l'Examen d'AP 604 Terms. » «Non ! Sortir = to leave, to go out, to take out… In French, we conjugate it in the passé composé with: … Avoir faim means “to be hungry” and the verb avoir soif means “to be thirsty.” Note, however, in French, you aren’t hungry or thirsty. – avoir la pêche (to be happy/in a good mood; to feel great). As the example shows, the imperative usually involves expressions with avoir, rather than its standalone meaning of “to have”. … You have (sing.) Example: – avoir de la gueule (to look cool). Sortir. – avoir de la chance (to be lucky). Avoir is the helping verb for the verb rendre. J'ai joué au foot. The past participle is the form of the verb that is equivalent to -ed in For starters, on their own, the verb être means “to be” and the verb avoir … For example: J’ai cinq pommes (I have five apples)  vs. J’ai mangé cinq pommes (I ate five apples). (I bought them for you. À peine rentrée d’un voyage, elle en planifie un autre. (Music is in his blood. (I think I caught the flu! French verbs using ÊTRE in passé composé Verbs of movement Most French verbs use AVOIR as an auxiliary verb when conjugated in passé composé (or plus-que-parfait), but fewer verbs use the auxiliary verb ÊTRE. The literal translation of this expression is “to have a broom in your ass”. – avoir le cafard (to have the blues, to be feeling down). Avoir droit means that you’re entitled to. Our online exercises for French help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. (I read a fascinating story.) (Those shoes are too big – you look like a clown!). AVOIR Expressions J’ai tort. For example: Tu n’as pas le droit de faire ça ! Do you have a favorite avoir expression? This was probably one of the first statements you learned to say in French. J’ai envie de toi (I want you) is a phrase you’ll hear in a lot of French movies/TV shows, and maybe in real life, too! when she was venting in the teachers’ lounge. Like your favorite sneakers, the more you use them, the more worn out and deformed they become! Let us know – especially if it’s not already on the list! ishanimehta. There is a short explanation of when to use each verb and a printable notes page with Dr./Mrs. We use it in many expressions like: avoir besoin de (to need) avoir envie de (to want) avoir hâte de (can’t wait to) avoir l’habitude (to be used to) avoir mal (to hurt) en avoir marre de (to be fed up with) avoir l’air (to look) avoir confiance en (to trust) You can use this with a noun or with the infinitive of a verb. Example: Jamais il ne t’achètera une belle bague; il a des oursins dans la poche! Example : Si tu me dis que les chats sont plus adorables que les chiens, je dirai que tu as raison, mais ce chien dira que tu as tort ! Tell me the meaning of the verb AVOIR and conjugate it. 1. You can check out our article on être for the list of verbs (often identified by the acronym Dr. Mrs. P. Vandertramp) that use être as an auxiliary verb. In more formal French, there are many sound liaisons involved with the pronunciation of avoir: Students often confuse the pronunciation of ils ont (aller, Z sound) and ils sont (être, S sound), which is a major mistake. See the lessons on Passé Composé with ÊTRE to learn more about French verbs that form the Passé Composé with the auxiliary (“helper”) verb être. Glidings are in everyday pronunciations of the common expression il y a: Avoir is used in a number of idiomatic expressions, many of which are translated by the English verb "to be.". As you also may have guessed, it’s a vulgar term that you shouldn’t use in professional situations, around children, or with anyone who has un balai dans le cul. Both avoir and être can be auxiliary (helping) verbs, used in conjugating other verbs in compound tenses. » (“Thanks for the sandwich! Create a sentence in French using the verb AVOIR and the vocabulary you learned in this module. – avoir un petit creux (to be peckish/a little hungry). This extremely informal, slang expression is usually used to describe an object or possibly an animal, rather than a person. If you want to say that a person feels hot or cold to the touch, you can either specify where: Son front est chaud, il a peut-être de la fièvre. ), – avoir du bol (to be lucky). (You’re going to do great on your exam ! 1. For example: Elle a acheté la robe (She bought the dress) – no agreement. Once you know what helping verb to use, all you need to do is add the past participle of the verb you want to conjugate. AP Calculus Review Sheet 42 Terms. But things get a bit tricky again here: some verbs that are usually not reflexive, can become reflexive depending on the context. It means to be, to have j’ai, tu as, il/elle on a, nous avons, vous avez, ils/elles ont 2. Example: «Merci pour le sandwich ! (I’m thirty-seven years old. The agreement rules with avoir may seem a bit confusing – and to be perfectly honest, I still forget about them from time to time, even after years of speaking and living in France. 4.5 64 customer reviews. For one thing, as you probably know already, avoir is the most common auxiliary (helping) verb in French. No agreement is required when avoir is the helping verb. It’s often used in a formal register, including in professional correspondence. Example: Je pense que j’ai attrapé la grippe ! ». Lucky them! You’re in fine form this morning!). Marine sera contente – elle a le béguin pour lui. Elle l’a achetée. Il y en a OR Il y a des gens, je vous jure . French Verb Conjugation: être (to be) 9 Terms. Verbs in the passé composé are formed by putting together a helping verb (être or avoir) conjugated in the present tense + a past participle. As an impersonal verb (verbe impersonnel), avoir is the verb in the utilitarian expression il y a. Tell me the meaning of the verb AVOIR and conjugate it. I have been, I had run, we have asked etc; There are lots more fully conjugated verbs in the French Verbs List. The verb avoir is also one of a few common but highly irregular French verbs: It has more present tense forms than other verbs; être : La mosquée est … […] J’en ai confiance ! In French and in English, the verbs être (to be), avoir (to have), aller (to go), and faire (to do) are probably the most used verbs of our repertoire, which is also why they have become so twisted. You can read about her adventures here, or feel free to stop by her website. ), – avoir _ ans (to be _ years old). (In Paris, senior citizens are allowed to ride the Metro for free. (He’s embarrassed by his teeth. For example:  J’ai lu une histoire fascinante. J’ai mal à la tête, mal au ventre…mal partout ! rystratton. For example: N’ayez pas peur. Here’s a reminder that you don’t use the verb … (I told myself that it wouldn’t be an easy day.). It seems to me like they’re somewhat upbeat – they’re survivors and they’ve got hustle. French auxiliary verbs: 1. avoir - forms and use . It’s fairly informal but understood and accepted by the general public. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. when the verbs avoir and être are also used as main verbs ishanimehta. Rest assured, this doesn’t happen a lot. Ils ont de la chance ! Avoir can also be a noun. (We’re tired of always eating chicken – can’t we have fish tonight?). You have (sing.) French verbs avoir and être worksheet. Note that this expression is only used to describe someone experiencing feeling hot or cold. (I need a new bike)/Son chien a besoin de courir. Il a mis la table. This irregular verb is one of the most commonly used in the French language, along with être (to be) and faire (to do or to make). Elle a eu un vélo. But that doesn’t mean you should use them interchangeably! Note that, like in English, this phrase can also be used to talk about sexual desire. – no agreement. Être and Avoir: The 2 Most Important Verbs in French If you haven’t realized it yet, these two verbs are not only perhaps the most commonly used French verbs, but they’re infinitely useful in creating French’s compound verb tenses. An auxiliary verb helps another verb to form a tense. There are countless expressions with avoir. – avoir un balai dans le cul (to be uptight and/or snobby). Example 1: Il a l’air malade. 3. This expression can describe everyone from a fidgety toddler (or, why not, adult? (Wow ! Online exercises to improve your French. 8. avoir faim/soif. (Simon will be there tonight? I later quietly asked another teacher what it meant, and she explained that the boules in question are a sensation in your throat or chest that makes you feel like you’re choking or overwhelmed. This phrase is a bit formal and is often seen or heard when rules are being spelled out. This can be a good or bad thing, although it usually implies that the person in question is a bit difficult. This French avoir ou être printable is a quick assessment or homework to help students review, master, or practice for the first time the French auxiliary verbs avoir and être in the passé composé. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. But maybe it’s about what happens when a human being sees a cockroach in their house. To be innately talented or to intimately know something. (I bought you some cookies) – no agreement. That said, it’s usually used to talk about a man, but could be used to talk about a woman as well. (For snack time/tea, each child is entitled to one cookie.). (He looks sick/He looks like a man bound for the scaffold.) (She bought it.) (There are the two cats I saw in the garden!). The meaning of these verbs differs according to the helping verb that is used: He has been gone … So, naturally, it’s one of the first verbs you learn when you start studying the language. (It’s hot in this room!). Avoir. With the verb être the meaning is to go out. For regular verbs ending in -er, you form the past … – avoir les yeux plus gros que le ventre (to have eyes bigger than one’s stomach). French auxiliary verbs are divided in two categories : The auxiliary verbs être and avoir which are used for the formation of the compound tenses and the passive voice; The semi-auxiliary verbs: all the other ones, including aller (to go), venir (to come), pouvoir (to be able to), devoir (to have to), laisser (to let)… French conjugation: the best way to learn how to conjugate a French verb. An auxiliary is used to form other verb tenses e.g. Transitive Verb. – avoir des oursins dans la poche (to be cheap – literally : to have sea urchins in one’s pocket). In other words, to have other, more important things to tend to. J’avais les yeux plus gros que le ventre. Example 2: Ces chaussures sont trop grandes – tu as l’air d’un clown ! Avoir is the French verb that means “to have”. rania_b. There are countless phrases with avoir, many of them essential to add to your French vocabulary. Ex : Je n’aurais pas dû commander deux plats ! Alysa Salzberg is an American writer, worrier, teacher, and cookie enthusiast who has lived in Paris, France, for more than a decade. For the majority of French verbs, the Passé Composé is formed with the auxiliary (“helper”) verb AVOIR. Avoir d ’ un nouveau vélo que j ’ ai dit de ne pas m ’ aider in question a... Re entitled to one cookie. ) nouveau vélo en ai marre I often... French help you to learn how to use each verb and is often used as a statement. Do is to keep practicing and try to stay aware of these exceptions wouldn ’ t use the avoir! I first heard someone use it when I was a teaching assistant in a reflexive sense are. De ( to be happy/in a good or bad thing, although it usually implies that the person in is. 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